In the journalistic speech, for example, the digresses sonormalmente detached under the form of pictures with commentaries or informaesparalelas the one that if it sends in the body of the news article. Currently, the linguagemjornalstica search to structuralize its speech from the establishment pronunciations between the elements that compose a text, leaving for the reader atarefa to make the due associations between the image (photos, drawings, graphs), the pictures in prominence by means of color (oudigressivos parallel texts) and the text base. The consequences of this attitude are basic, therefore they point the argumentativa orientation as an essential factor of cohesion ecoerncia literal, aiming at to the understanding, the expressividade and, why to nodizer, to the persuasion. The book ' ' Laugh and melancolia' ' , of Pablo Rouanet (2007) it introduces the reader in the study of one of the influncialiterria cases most famous: the repercussion of the shandiana form, the workmanship ' ' The doCavalheiro life and opinions Tristram Shandy' ' (1759), of Laurence Sterne. You may wish to learn more. If so, More is the place to go. The style shandianose characterizes for an attitude sentimental libertine and; a risonho sensualismo; a mood afvel and tolerant, capable to pardon proper and other people's trespasses, but also to jeer, without extreme malice, great and small them ridculosdo world. For Rouanet, the form ' ' shandiana' ' , it is defined emMachado of Assis. It detaches that, of the influenced workmanships, one goes adiantepor to take the perfection to the characteristics of the shandiana subjectivity, will be o' ' Posthumous memories of Brs Cubas' ' , the book that enters the emelancolia laugh goes to find in the irony the balance, and more still: as amelancolia it cannot be looser, it can then be pleasant. Let us see what it writes Merquior (1996) on the cited workmanship deMachado: ' ' autor' ' , that is, the deceased Brs Cubas, then nosadverte that one is about one ' ' workmanship difusa' ' , writing ' ' with suffered galhofa and the ink of melancolia' '. John can provide more clarity in the matter.