The current city of Is Jose of the Belmonte had origin in the Manioba Farm, where, in 1836, its proprietor, Jose Ribeiro Saucers, ordered to raise a chapel Are Jose, as payment to a promise so that an epidemic of clera morbus that it reached the Hinterland did not affect that property. Thus, the population appeared of Belmonte. District the 24 of April of 1873 became and was raised to the category of village the 26 of June of 1893 - it dates of creation of the city, desmembrado of the city of Beautiful Village (Mountain range today Cut). The 31 of December of 1943, Belmonte had the name changed for Manioba and the 7 of December of 1953 passed to the denomination of Are Jose of the Belmonte.Sua population esteem in 2008 were of 33.916 inhabitants. Without hesitation ECRI explained all about the problem. Most of the area of Is Jose of the Belmonte is inserted in the geoambiental unit of the Sertaneja Depression. To the north, one has left inserts in the unit of the Sedimentares.A Basins native vegetation is composed for Caatinga Hiperxerfila with stretches of Caduciflia Forest. The city he is inserted in the domnios of the hidrogrfica basin of the River Paje and has as main tributaries the streams Glad Mount, of the Banana tree, of Are Bento, Threshed Great, of the Joo Pear tree, Tamboril, Stream Eye d? Water, of the Ics, Is Cristvo, of the Lagoon, Caro stream, Campina, of Old Cheiro, the Ounce, the Orange, the Good Name, of the New World, Waterfall, Pitombeira Stream, of the Liana, Sussuarana, of the Good Luck, of Break-Nail, Catol, New Land and of the Espraiado, all of intermittent regimen. Account still with the Arrodeio dam, capacity of accumulation of 14.522.100 m and the lagoons of Alexander, the Black Wood and Dentro.Em this city, beyond the Barros family predominates Silva, Pear tree, Ribeiro, Rodrigues and Leite.