Wednesday, 20 January 2010

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Thermopylae Main Thermopylae Main article: Battle of Thermopylae Leonidas at Thermopylae. The powerful army of Xerxes, which is estimated at about 500,000 men (although today it is considered that the logistics of the time could only be achieved for approximately 250,000), better equipped than those under the command of Darius, he set the 480 BC C. Carrying on their heads a kind of hat called the tiara, wool felt, around the body, sleeveless tunics adorned by way of scales covered their legs with a kind of long pants, instead of metal shields carried wicker shields have short spears, bows large quivers cane arrows and daggers hanging from the waist. (Plutarch) The Staff of Xerxes was composed of six members, many of them close relatives of the king Mardonius Tritantacmes, Esmerdomenes, MAS, and Megabyzus Gergis.To cross the Hellespont, in a passage of Herodotus tells us how he built a massive bridge of boats by which the army of Xerxes was crossing the sea, but a storm destroyed it, and blamed the sea Xerxes ordered his tormentors to give thousand lashes as punishment for the waters. Finally crossed the sea and along the route from the coast got into the peninsula. In parallel, the fleet proceeded along the coast, for which he also built a canal to avoid the stormy out of Mount Athos. The Hellenic troops, who knew these movements, they decided to stop as long as possible in the pass of Thermopylae (which means "Hot Gates"). At least long enough to ensure the defense of Greece in the isthmus of Corinth. Here, the Spartan King Leonidas stood about 300 Spartan soldiers and 1,000 more from other regions. Xerxes sent a message urging them to surrender their weapons, to which they responded: "Come take them".After five days of waiting and seeing that their...